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Wide Angle Portraits; Use Optical Character As An Advantage Bookmark and Share

A word that is often associated with wide angle lenses is “distortion.” It is true that wide angles distort what we see, but that’s not necessarily bad. In fact, it can work to our advantage. Photographers who like to capture what they see—or as close to it as possible—shy away from wide angle lens particularly those that are extreme—say wider than 20mm. This is especially true for portraiture, where exaggerated and distorted faces and bodies may not go over very well with the subject. However, as an artist you should have all the tools and techniques at your disposal to create dynamic images, and I would like to suggest that if you have not explored the creative potential for shooting people with wide angle lenses, it’s time you try it.

Magnification Factor
If you use a digital camera with a less than full-frame sensor, to calculate the effective focal length of your wide angle lens you will have to multiply the focal length by 1.5x for Nikon, 1.6x for Canon and 2x for Four/Thirds cameras. For example, if your lens is an 18-200mm, on a Nikon that becomes 27-300mm. On the telephoto end, that’s great because now you can fill the frame easier with wildlife subjects, sports action, and even outdoor portraits where you want a completely out of focus background. However, if you wanted an extreme wide angle perspective, the 27mm won’t give it to you.

This is why lens manufacturers have engineered a new generation of ultra wide angle lenses like a 12-24mm and even 10-22mm. These are rectilinear lenses (meaning full image to the edge of the frame as opposed to a circular image of, say, a super-wide fisheye) that are made for cameras that have smaller sensors. When multiplied by the 1.5x factor the former lens becomes 18-36mm, for example, quite a wide angle view at the shorter focal length range.

Getting Close
Take a look at photo (#1). This is a photo of a young Samburu girl in Kenya, and I moved in very close to her beadwork with a 16mm (on a full frame sensor). I was about 12-14” away. Notice how disproportionately large the beads look relative to the background. This is definitely not how it looked to my eyes, but the wide angle lens exaggerated the perspective in such a way that this is a unique type of visual statement.

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All Photos © 2009, Jim Zuckerman, All Rights Reserved

Similarly, a member of the Mudmen tribe in Papua, New Guinea (#2), posed for me in his village and I moved in tight to within a couple of feet. The bizarre mask seemed appropriate for a technique that distorted it. Notice also in both this image and the one of the Samburu girl that the background is in focus. Wide angle lenses inherently have tremendous depth of field, and this is a great advantage when you want to take an environmental portrait in which the background becomes a significant part of the picture. It gives dimension to the image as well as establishes a sense of place.

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Environmental Portraits
Including the environment in a wide angle portrait is challenging in that you must deal with two important aspects—a foreground subject and the more distant background. Both have to be interesting/compelling/attractive by themselves, and they must work together. For example, the two Indian women in photo (#3) were taken with a 20mm lens that showed a large portion of the architectural tomb in which they were seated. The environment complements the women. Because of the exposure discrepancy here, I had to expose for the foreground and allow the distant landscape to become overexposed, but in this instance I think that adds an ethereal quality to this. The picture was taken shortly after sunrise.

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The model in photo (#4) was taken at sunset in the hills above Los Angeles. Notice the complete depth of field. I never could have captured that kind of detail and definition in the background had I been using a telephoto lens. By blocking the sun with the model, I eliminated lens flare and produced a sensual silhouette.

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